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Northern Ireland v Germany – FIFA World Cup Qualifier. 06 Okt Northern Ireland v Germany – FIFA World Cup Qualifier. Autor Konstantin. BELFAST, NORTHERN IRELAND - OCTOBER Sandro Wagner of Germany celebrates scoring the second goal with scorer of the first goal, Sebastian Rudy. Juni Sandro Wagner hatte aus Frust über seiner NIcht-WM-Nominierung seinen Rücktritt aus der Nationalmannschaft bekannt gegeben.

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Germany progressed to the last 16 of UEFA EURO with a narrow but deserved victory against Northern Ireland, who did not have to wait long to find out that they are through as one of the best third-placed finishers.

Making his first start of the tournament in attack, Mario Gomez found the target with almost half an hour gone, though subsequent German celebrations were tinged with relief after a plethora of chances had gone begging beforehand.

Thomas Müller, Mesut Özil and Mario Götze all missed glaring opportunities — Müller hitting the post and bar — though credit must go to Northern Ireland goalkeeper Michael McGovern for his part in denying them.

In truth the scoreline could and should have been a lot more discernible with the Northern Irish offering next to nothing in attack. Germany threatened twice early in the second half but Götze again could not convert and was hauled off soon after.

Victory was never really in danger, though, and Joachim Löw's wish to play the next round in Lille was granted. Results later on Tuesday meant Northern Ireland got their wish, too.

Man of the match: Mesut Özil Germany The Arsenal playmaker created six chances for his team-mates, delivered seven crosses and produced three dribbles.

He completed 67 of his 68 passes with a staggering 46 of them coming in the final third. Finishing still a problem Gomez's opener was well deserved but that solitary goal far from told the first-half story.

Germany could easily have been four or five-nil up with Müller, Özil, Götze and Gomez himself all squandering gilt-edged opportunities. A one-in-five conversion rate may be enough against a Northern Irish side they completely dominated but you wonder how they will fare against the bigger sides in the knockout rounds, when chances will be fewer and further between.

Surely it's only a matter of time before he breaks his EURO duck. Team reporters' views from Parc des Princes.

Graham Little, Northern Ireland UEFAcomGrahamL Having watched Slovakia secure a miraculous point against England the night before, Northern Ireland felt they had a chance of surviving the predicted German onslaught and progressing to the next round with a similar show.

Average daytime maximums in Belfast are 6. The highest maximum temperature recorded was Northern Ireland consists of six historic counties: These counties are no longer used for local government purposes; instead, there are eleven districts of Northern Ireland which have different geographical extents.

These were created in , replacing the twenty-six districts which previously existed. Although counties are no longer used for local governmental purposes, they remain a popular means of describing where places are.

They are officially used while applying for an Irish passport , which requires one to state one's county of birth.

The name of that county then appears in both Irish and English on the passport's information page, as opposed to the town or city of birth on the United Kingdom passport.

The Gaelic Athletic Association still uses the counties as its primary means of organisation and fields representative teams of each GAA county.

The original system of car registration numbers largely based on counties still remains in use. In , the telephone numbering system was restructured into an 8 digit scheme with except for Belfast the first digit approximately reflecting the county.

With their decline in official use, there is often confusion surrounding towns and cities which lie near county boundaries, such as Belfast and Lisburn , which are split between counties Down and Antrim the majorities of both cities, however, are in Antrim.

Northern Ireland has traditionally had an industrial economy, most notably in shipbuilding, rope manufacture and textiles, but most heavy industry has since been replaced by services, primarily the public sector.

Seventy percent of the economy's revenue comes from the service sector. Tourism has been a major growth area since the end of the Troubles.

Key tourism attractions include the historic cities of Derry, Belfast and Armagh and the many castles in Northern Ireland. More recently, the economy has benefited from major investment by many large multi-national corporations into high tech industry.

The local economy has seen contraction during the Great Recession. In response, the Northern Ireland Assembly has sent trade missions abroad.

The Executive wishes to gain taxation powers from London, to align Northern Ireland's corporation tax rate with the unusually low rate of the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland has underdeveloped transport infrastructure , with most infrastructure concentrated around Greater Belfast, Greater Derry and Craigavon.

Passenger railways are operated by Northern Ireland Railways. The only preserved line of this gauge is the Downpatrick and County Down Railway.

The cross-border road connecting the ports of Larne in Northern Ireland and Rosslare Harbour in the Republic of Ireland is being upgraded as part of an EU-funded scheme.

The population of Northern Ireland has risen yearly since The population in was 1. The population of Northern Ireland is almost entirely white The largest non-white ethnic groups were Chinese 6, and Indian 6, Black people of various origins made up 0.

At the census, In the census in Northern Ireland respondents gave their national identity as follows. Several studies and surveys carried out between and have indicated that, in general, most Protestants in Northern Ireland see themselves primarily as British, whereas a majority of Roman Catholics regard themselves primarily as Irish.

Overall, the Catholic population is somewhat more ethnically diverse than the more homogeneous Protestant population.

Compared to a similar survey carried out in , this shows a fall in the percentage of Protestants identifying as British and Ulster and a rise in those identifying as Northern Irish.

These figures were largely unchanged from the results. They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland.

This entitlement was reaffirmed in the Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that:.

As a result of the Agreement, the Constitution of the Republic of Ireland was amended. The current wording provides that people born in Northern Ireland are entitled to be Irish citizens on the same basis as people from any other part of the island.

Neither government, however, extends its citizenship to all persons born in Northern Ireland. Both governments exclude some people born in Northern Ireland, in particular persons born without one parent who is a British or Irish citizen.

The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in The position in UK nationality law is that most of those born in Northern Ireland are UK nationals, whether or not they so choose.

In the census in Northern Ireland respondents stated that they held the following passports. English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population.

It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice Language Act Ireland prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

Foras na Gaeilge , which promotes the Irish language, and the Ulster Scots Agency , which promotes the Ulster Scots dialect and culture.

Irish in Northern Ireland was specified under Part III of the Charter, with a range of specific undertakings in relation to education, translation of statutes, interaction with public authorities, the use of placenames, media access, support for cultural activities and other matters.

The dialect of English spoken in Northern Ireland shows influence from the lowland Scots language. The Irish language Irish: Today, the language is often associated with Irish nationalism and thus with Catholics.

However, in the 19th century, the language was seen as a common heritage, with Ulster Protestants playing a leading role in the Gaelic revival.

Some words and phrases are shared with Scots Gaelic, and the dialects of east Ulster — those of Rathlin Island and the Glens of Antrim — were very similar to the dialect of Argyll , the part of Scotland nearest to Ireland.

And those dialects of Armagh and Down were also very similar to the dialects of Galloway. Use of the Irish language in Northern Ireland today is politically sensitive.

The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships.

Efforts by members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to legislate for some official uses of the language have failed to achieve the required cross-community support, and the UK government has declined to legislate.

There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland.

For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary.

Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Those of Catholic background tend to identity more with Irish culture, and those of Protestant background more with British culture.

This has caused the two communities to become pillarised. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands. Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires.

There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence.

Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists. Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing.

Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century.

Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas.

The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status. The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists.

This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom. It is still used by some British army regiments.

Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas.

At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country. Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people.

Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland.

NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate. No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup.

It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders.

Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland. Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams.

Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system.

In the primary school sector, forty schools 8. The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland.

Access is available to satellite and cable services. Besides the UK and Irish national newspapers, there are three main regional newspapers published in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Both the national flag and the national anthem of present-day Ireland drive origins directly from the Rising.

At first it still appeared as if the revolutionaries would take over the old symbols because on the roof of their headquarters, the Dublin General Post Office, a green flag with the harp was hoisted next to the republican tricolour although with the inscription 'Irish Republic'.

Even 'Got save Ireland' was sung by the revolutionaries during Easter week. But after the failure of the Rising and the subsequent executions of the leading revolutionaries the tricolour and 'The Soldier's Song' became more and more popular as symbols of the rebellion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the electoral constituency, see Northern Ireland European Parliament constituency. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. However, the Ulster Banner was used by the Parliament of Northern Ireland from to and is still used by some organisations and entities, and is seen as the unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is controversial.

See Flag of Northern Ireland for more. English serves as the de facto language of government and diplomacy and has been established through precedent.

The code is within the UK and from the Republic of Ireland where it is treated as a domestic call. History of Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland peace process. Politics of Northern Ireland. Elections in Northern Ireland and Northern Ireland law.

Alternative names for Northern Ireland. Geography of Ireland and Geography of the United Kingdom. Counties of Northern Ireland.

Transport in Northern Ireland. British nationality law and Irish nationality law. Languages of Northern Ireland. Irish language in Northern Ireland and Ulster Irish.

Culture of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland flags issue. Sport in Northern Ireland. Education in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland portal United Kingdom portal.

Retrieved 2 November Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 4 December Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 October Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities.

These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government.

Murphy , A Place Apart , London: Penguin Books, Next — what noun is appropriate to Northern Ireland? Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 2 August Reunification through Planned Integration: Archived from the original on 16 July Social Democratic and Labour Party.

Archived from the original on 18 June Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey. Retrieved 24 March Sutton Index of Deaths".

Northern Ireland Society — Security and Defence". Some of the heirs to Ireland's violent traditions refused to give up their inheritance.

The Course of Conflict in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 22 November Thousands attend 'peaceful' Londonderry parade".

Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups. Retrieved 29 October How the Scots-Irish Shaped America". Retrieved 30 April The History of Ireland.

Devolution in Britain Today. In Anderson, Malcolm; Bort, Eberhard. Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 7 August An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland — Northern Ireland votes for union".

Retrieved 20 May Bear in Mind These Dead. Retrieved 16 June Whyte paper on discrimination in Northern Ireland". Report of Tribunal of Inquiry" Belfast: Answer to the question "Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a unionist, a nationalist or neither?

He could go four at the back or three at the back and everything falls into place. Northern Ireland have a very rich history with Germany and, before that, West Germany. You have to remember where he came from in this job because it wasn't an easy situation when he took over. Du kannst dir Nordirland gg. I am a Jobseeker - Register. German Social Media Support Specialist. Nicholl sees similarities between Bingham and O'Neill and insists crucial factors in the latter's success as Northern Ireland manager are discipline and developing a club spirit amongst the group. When they go out on the pitch they are doing it with the intention of being very hard to beat. Then we'd win away from home and all of sudden you don't mind that discipline. We are recruiting for German speakers to work in our Belfast office on their behalf. Excellent opportunities for German speakers in Belfast, Northern Ireland. We are seeking highly-motivated individuals to join our Business Reten

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One new name beginning to break through is Bayer Leverkusen's Julian Brandt. Then fast forward to the European Championship qualifiers when a goal from Ian Stewart on a famous November night in Belfast saw Billy Bingham's side defeat the then newly crowned World Champions. Or what about that night in August when Michael Hughes gave Northern Ireland the lead at Windsor Park on the hour only for Oliver Bierhoff to come off the bench and grab himself a hat-trick in a world record six minutes. Related News Read more International news. Lothar Matthäus is the most capped German player of all time, his caps coming in a year period from to during which time he collected World and European titles plus numerous individual awards. We work in partnership with leading names in technology, e-commerce, re

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Back In this section. He has, however, come on as a second half substitute in both World Cup qualifiers so is clearly seen as one for the future. Wir sind nicht verantwortlich für jeglichen Videoinhalt, bitte kontaktieren Sie den Videodatei-Inhaber oder die -Plattform für jegliche Legalitätsbeschwerden. Or what about that night in August when Michael Hughes gave Northern Ireland the lead at Windsor Park on the hour only for Oliver Bierhoff to come off the bench and grab himself a hat-trick in a world record six minutes. Indeed, that was West Germany's first qualifying reversal at home, making it an even more remarkable achievement. Their mission is to make the world a safer place by delivering unmatched visibility and insights to customers and partners, and by adopting a holistic security approach to security. The year-old winger was named in the preliminary man squad for the Euro's but didn't make the cut. And that is very important. From turning out against a team of unknown part-timers, Northern Ireland will be locking horns with a side littered with household names and laden with silverware. But that was no fluke because almost a year later to the day Norman Whiteside scored the only goal as Bingham's braves repeated the feat in Hamburg. We have found 28 German jobs in Northern Ireland. Indeed, the boss has hinted at 'as many as five or six' changes but, as he says, the players will know exactly what awaits them in the HDI-Arena. Nicholl, as passionate about Northern Ireland as ever, adds: It andy möller ungarn be Beste Spielothek in Burg finden the obvious somewhat to say that this will be an altogether different proposition. You have to remember where he came from in this job because it wasn't an easy situation when he took over.

Five days later, they drew 1—1 with Honduras , which was a disappointment, and many believed had doomed Northern Ireland's chances of advancing in the competition.

In the World Cup , they reached the first round. Billy Bingham , a member of the squad, was manager for both of these tournaments.

They have not qualified for any other World Cups since. Lawrie Sanchez was appointed in January after a run of ten games without a goal under the previous manager Sammy McIlroy , which was a European record for any international team until San Marino went over 20 games without scoring between October and August That run ended after his first game in charge, a 1—4 loss to Norway in a friendly in February The run of 16 games without a win ended after his second game, a 1—0 victory in a friendly over Estonia , with a largely experimental side, in March David Healy scored the winner in the 73rd minute.

Initially, Worthington took over until the end of the Euro qualifiers, but was later given a contract until the end of the Euro qualifiers.

Michael O'Neill became manager in February after Worthington had resigned in October after a poor Euro qualification campaign. That was enough to qualify for a Round of 16 spot where they lost to Wales due to an unfortunate own goal by Gareth McAuley.

There was a proposal to build a multisports stadium for Northern Ireland at the disused Maze prison outside Lisburn for the use of Rugby , Gaelic games and football.

The issue assumed ever greater urgency by , following a series of inspections which questioned the suitability of Windsor Park to host international football.

Given the time that is needed to build a new stadium, in the absence of significant work improving Windsor Park, Northern Ireland may be forced to play their home games at a venue outside Northern Ireland for a period.

In March , proposals were announced for the construction of a new 25, seat stadium in the Sydenham area of East Belfast as an alternative to the Maze proposal.

This would form part of a major development, with links to both George Best Belfast City Airport and the Bangor railway line. The stadium itself would be used for both football and rugby union , with Glentoran and Ulster Rugby intended as tenants.

Ulster GAA , however, who were a partner in the Maze proposal, stated that in the event of a new stadium being built in East Belfast, which is a major [unionist] area, their preference would then be to remain at Casement Park in [nationalist] [west] Belfast.

The IFA were initially non-committal about any of the proposals for improving their facilities, be it rebuilding Windsor Park, or supporting either the Maze or Sydenham proposals.

In September , however, they issued an announcement in favour of the redevelopment of Windsor Park. The plan was to redevelop Windsor Park into an 18, all-seater stadium with a series of phased works originally intended to begin in the summer of The redevelopment would include the demolition of the existing East and South Stand structures, to be replaced by new purpose built stands that would partially enclose the stadium; complete renovation of the existing North and West Stands; and construction of both new conferencing facilities and a new headquarters facility for the IFA.

In February , planning permission for the redevelopment was granted. It was initially planned for the work to begin in September Crusaders believed this to be against European Union competition law as well as a form of state aid towards Linfield.

It was ruled that it was a possibility for the redevelopment to be classed as state aid towards Linfield. The aspect of the challenge concerning competition law, however, was dismissed.

In July , Crusaders agreed to a possible settlement brought forward by the judicial review. The details of the settlement were not made public, but Crusaders said that it had the "potential to benefit the entirety of the football family".

The redevelopment finally got under way on 6 May after the —14 domestic season had finished, eight months later than originally planned. The work is due to be completed in An element of Northern Ireland's support has been regarded as sectarian.

Steps taken to eradicate the sectarian element within the support have been successful. The IFA have made huge strides. In , Northern Ireland's supporters were awarded the Brussels International Supporters Award [36] for their charity work, general good humour and behaviour and efforts to stamp out sectarianism.

At a friendly match in Dublin in against Scotland, the IFA carried out an inquiry following an incident in which Northern Ireland fans sang sectarian songs.

The Green and White Army is the name given to the fans that follow the Northern Ireland national football team. Since the defeat of England in , there has been an increased demand for tickets exceeding supply.

The European Footballer of the Year , Best won 37 caps and scored 9 goals for his country. Results updated as of 12 November after the match against Switzerland.

The following players were selected for the Nations League games against Austria and Bosnia and Herzegovina in October Caps and goals updated as of 15 October , after the match against Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The following players have been called up to the Northern Ireland squad during the last 12 months. The following players were voted by fans as worthy of being included in the Irish Football Association's Greatest Ever Team in a 4—4—2 formation.

Billy Bingham manager —71, —93 ASS: Michael O'Neill manager —date. Pat Jennings —86 RB: Jimmy Nicholl —86 CB: Aaron Hughes — CB: Gareth McAuley — LB: Mal Donaghy —94 RM: Keith Gillespie — CM: Danny Blanchflower —63 CM: Steven Davis — LM: George Best —77 CF: David Healy —13 CF: Caps updated as of 15 October after the match against Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Goals updated as of 15 October after the match against Poland. As of 29 May after the match against Austria. Sky Sports currently have the rights to show Northern Ireland's all competitive international fixtures.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Republic of Ireland national football team. This article is about the men's team.

For the women's team, see Northern Ireland women's national football team. Ireland national football team — Northern Ireland Basel , Switzerland Henry Bejarano Costa Rica.

UEFA Rules for classification: FIFA Rules for classification: List of Northern Ireland international footballers. Northern Ireland portal Association football portal.

In the —72 tournament, the first was played as "Ireland" and the second and third as "Northern Ireland". Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 9 November A History of British Football.

Northern Ireland Programmes —". Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 23 July These figures were largely unchanged from the results.

They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland. This entitlement was reaffirmed in the Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that:.

As a result of the Agreement, the Constitution of the Republic of Ireland was amended. The current wording provides that people born in Northern Ireland are entitled to be Irish citizens on the same basis as people from any other part of the island.

Neither government, however, extends its citizenship to all persons born in Northern Ireland. Both governments exclude some people born in Northern Ireland, in particular persons born without one parent who is a British or Irish citizen.

The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in The position in UK nationality law is that most of those born in Northern Ireland are UK nationals, whether or not they so choose.

In the census in Northern Ireland respondents stated that they held the following passports. English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population.

It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice Language Act Ireland prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

Foras na Gaeilge , which promotes the Irish language, and the Ulster Scots Agency , which promotes the Ulster Scots dialect and culture.

Irish in Northern Ireland was specified under Part III of the Charter, with a range of specific undertakings in relation to education, translation of statutes, interaction with public authorities, the use of placenames, media access, support for cultural activities and other matters.

The dialect of English spoken in Northern Ireland shows influence from the lowland Scots language. The Irish language Irish: Today, the language is often associated with Irish nationalism and thus with Catholics.

However, in the 19th century, the language was seen as a common heritage, with Ulster Protestants playing a leading role in the Gaelic revival. Some words and phrases are shared with Scots Gaelic, and the dialects of east Ulster — those of Rathlin Island and the Glens of Antrim — were very similar to the dialect of Argyll , the part of Scotland nearest to Ireland.

And those dialects of Armagh and Down were also very similar to the dialects of Galloway. Use of the Irish language in Northern Ireland today is politically sensitive.

The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships.

Efforts by members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to legislate for some official uses of the language have failed to achieve the required cross-community support, and the UK government has declined to legislate.

There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland.

For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary.

Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Those of Catholic background tend to identity more with Irish culture, and those of Protestant background more with British culture.

This has caused the two communities to become pillarised. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands.

Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires.

There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence. Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists.

Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing.

Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century.

Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas.

The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status.

The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists. This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom.

It is still used by some British army regiments. Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas.

At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country. Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people.

Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland.

NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate. No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup. It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders.

Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland. Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams.

Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system.

In the primary school sector, forty schools 8. The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland.

Access is available to satellite and cable services. Besides the UK and Irish national newspapers, there are three main regional newspapers published in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Both the national flag and the national anthem of present-day Ireland drive origins directly from the Rising. At first it still appeared as if the revolutionaries would take over the old symbols because on the roof of their headquarters, the Dublin General Post Office, a green flag with the harp was hoisted next to the republican tricolour although with the inscription 'Irish Republic'.

Even 'Got save Ireland' was sung by the revolutionaries during Easter week. But after the failure of the Rising and the subsequent executions of the leading revolutionaries the tricolour and 'The Soldier's Song' became more and more popular as symbols of the rebellion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the electoral constituency, see Northern Ireland European Parliament constituency. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. However, the Ulster Banner was used by the Parliament of Northern Ireland from to and is still used by some organisations and entities, and is seen as the unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is controversial.

See Flag of Northern Ireland for more. English serves as the de facto language of government and diplomacy and has been established through precedent.

The code is within the UK and from the Republic of Ireland where it is treated as a domestic call. History of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland peace process.

Politics of Northern Ireland. Elections in Northern Ireland and Northern Ireland law. Alternative names for Northern Ireland. Geography of Ireland and Geography of the United Kingdom.

Counties of Northern Ireland. Transport in Northern Ireland. British nationality law and Irish nationality law.

Languages of Northern Ireland. Irish language in Northern Ireland and Ulster Irish. Culture of Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland flags issue. Sport in Northern Ireland. Education in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland portal United Kingdom portal.

Retrieved 2 November Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 4 December Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 October Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities.

These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government.

Murphy , A Place Apart , London: Penguin Books, Next — what noun is appropriate to Northern Ireland?

Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 2 August Reunification through Planned Integration: Archived from the original on 16 July Social Democratic and Labour Party.

Archived from the original on 18 June Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey. Retrieved 24 March Sutton Index of Deaths".

Northern Ireland Society — Security and Defence". Some of the heirs to Ireland's violent traditions refused to give up their inheritance.

The Course of Conflict in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 22 November Thousands attend 'peaceful' Londonderry parade".

Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups. Retrieved 29 October How the Scots-Irish Shaped America". Retrieved 30 April The History of Ireland.

Devolution in Britain Today. In Anderson, Malcolm; Bort, Eberhard. Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 7 August An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland — Northern Ireland votes for union".

Retrieved 20 May Bear in Mind These Dead. Retrieved 16 June Whyte paper on discrimination in Northern Ireland". Report of Tribunal of Inquiry" Belfast: Answer to the question "Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a unionist, a nationalist or neither?

Answers to the question "Do you think the long-term policy for Northern Ireland should be for it to [one of the following"], ark.

Retrieved 13 July The official site of the Prime Minister's Office. Archived from the original on 9 September Beginners' Guide to UK Geography.

Archived from the original on 11 November Office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 11 November Office for National Statistics , Britain Northern Ireland Statistical Research Agency.

Office of Public Sector Information. Archived from the original on 6 January Morrow , Northern Ireland Politics , London: Shannon , K. Beiner , Theorizing Nationalism , Albany: Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original on 22 December Dissident Republicans and the War for Legitimacy.

The Life and Politics of an Irish Revolutionary. Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 14 June Wikipedia policy is to use Londonderry for the county and Derry for the city.

The name usage does not indicate an endorsement for either community's opinions. Find more about Northern Ireland at Wikipedia's sister projects. Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Republic of Ireland topics Northern Ireland topics. Nationalism Republicanism Ulster loyalism Unionism. Counties and cities of Northern Ireland.

Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry. Heads of government of Northern Ireland. Shailesh Vara Lord Duncan of Springbank. Current Westminster Constituencies in Northern Ireland Local government in Northern Ireland.

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